Ethylene oxide (ETO) is a chemical compound commonly used for sterilizing the wide variety of items, including medical instruments and diagnostic tools. ETO is an alkylation agent that disrupts the DNA of microorganisms, which prevents them from reproducing. Sterilization occurs through time, humidity, and temperature and gas concentration. Commotion of organism reproduction is caused by DNA obliteration with the Ethylene Oxide substitute as an alkalizing mediator. For many procedures in hospitals, health centers and laboratories, so many instruments and items are used. Such instruments must be completely sterilized for the next usage. It can’t be economic to dispose the precious instruments after use. So they can be used again only after sterilization to maintain health and hygiene.
Ethylene oxide is the gas used most for such apparatuses and sterilizer in which Ethylene oxide used is called ETO sterilizer.